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Casebook Credits History

Content from the following sources has been used in the creation of this casebook:

    • 1: I. Introduction; Assault and Battery I: Reconciling Harm with Culpability/Intro to the course original
    • 1.1: Righting (or Punishing) the Wrong original
    • 1.1.1: Vosburg v. Putney original
    • 1.1.2: William E. Alcorn v. Andrew J. Mitchell original
    • 1.1.3: Victorie A. Picard v. Barry Pontiac-Buick, Inc. et al. original
    • 1.2: The Boundaries of Battery and Assault original
    • 1.2.1: Ruth Garratt, Appellant, v. Brian Dailey, a Minor, by George S. Dalley, his Guardian ad Litem, Respondent original
    • 1.3: The Restatement Approach to Assault and Battery original
    • 1.3.1: The Restatement Approach to Assault original
    • 1.3.2: The Restatement Approach to Battery original
    • 2: II. Assault and Battery: Intent and Autonomy original
    • 2.1: Latent Sensitivities and Reservations original
    • 2.1.1: Wishnatsky v. Huey--"The Overly-Sensitive Intruder" original
    • 2.1.1.1: Martin Wishnatsky, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. David W. Huey, Defendant and Appellee original
    • 2.1.1.2: II. Wishnatsky's (Plaintiff's) Amended Complaint original
    • 2.1.1.3: II. Wishnatsky's (Plaintiff's) Affidavits original
    • 2.1.1.4: II. Letters Between Litigants original
    • 2.1.1.5: II. Crary's Affidavit original
    • 2.1.2: Mary E. O'Brien vs. Cunard Steamship Company. original
    • 2.2: The Spectrum Between Subjective and Objective original
    • 2.2.1: Leichtman, Appellant, v. WLW Jacor Communications, Inc. et al., Appellees. original
    • 2.2.2: Cindy K. Werth and Donald E. Werth, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Michael V. Taylor, M.D., Defendant-Appellee, and County of Alpena, d/b/a Alpena General Hospital, Alcona Citizens for Health, Inc., d/b/a Alcona Health Center, Cheryl L. Parsons, M.D., C.L. McDougall, M.D., and Mark J. Outman, C.R.N.A., Defendants. original
    • 2.3: Beyond Physical Contact Or The Threat Thereof original
    • 2.3.1: Danny Lee Womack v. Rosalie Eldridge original
    • 3: III. False Imprisonment: Taking Care of Others original
    • 3.1: The Clashing of Wills original
    • 3.1.1: Jovita (Esther) Lopez, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Winchell's Donut House, a corporation, Defendant-Appellee original
    • 3.1.2: Donald C. Parvi, Appellant, v. City Of Kingston, Respondent, et al., Defendants. original
    • 3.2: Defining "Confinement" original
    • 3.2.1: Carl Shen, Appellant/Cross-Appellee, v. Leo A. Daly Company, a Nebraska Corporation, Appellee/Cross-Appellant. original
    • 3.2.2: Susan Louise Peterson, Appellant, v. Paul Sorlien, Respondent, Norman Jungclaus, et al., Respondents, Michele Perkins, Respondent. original
    • 3.3: "Good" Imprisonments - Exceptions to False Imprisonment Liability original
    • 3.3.1: William Eilers, Plaintiff, v. Deborah Ann Coy, Daniel Charles Graham, Robert Lewis Brandyberry, Larry Bisman, Vincent Jennings, Defendants. original
    • 4: IV. Defenses: Overriding the Choices of Others original
    • 4.1: Consent original
    • 4.1.1: Dean E. Hart, as Administrator, Appellant, v. Cecil Geysel et al., Respondents. original
    • 4.1.2: Dale Hackbart, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Cincinnati Bengals, Inc., and Charles "Booby" Clark, Defendants-Appellees. original
    • 4.2: Preservation of Bodily Integrity original
    • 4.2.1: Courvoisier v. Raymond original
    • 4.3: Preservation of Property original
    • 4.3.1: Ploof v. Putnam original
    • 4.3.2: R. C. Vincent and Another v. Lake Erie Transportation Company original
    • 4.4: Beyond the Common Law - Statutory Exceptions and Constitutional Protections original
    • 4.4.1: Barbara A., Cross-complainant and Appellant, v. John G., Cross-defendant and Respondent. original
    • 5: V. Trespass to Chattels: The Limits of Self-Help original
    • 5.1: Glidden v. Szybiak et al (two cases) original
    • 5.2: Marvin Katko, Appellee, v. Edward Briney and Bertha L. Briney, Appellants. original
    • 5.3: CompuServe Incorporated, Plaintiff, v. Cyber Promotions, Inc. and Sanford Wallace, Defendants. original
    • 5.4: Intel Corporation, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Kourosh Kenneth Hamidi, Defendant and Appellant. original
    • 6: VI. Negligence: The Standard of Reasonable Care original
    • 6.1: The Murky Line Between Intentional Torts and Negligence original
    • 6.1.1: Anthony Topps, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Phillip Ferraro, Defendant-Appellee. original
    • 6.2: Understanding the Standard original
    • 6.2.1: Chicago, B. & Q. R. CO. v. Krayenbuhl. original
    • 6.2.2: United States et al. v. Carroll Towing Co., Inc., et al. original
    • 6.2.3: Leo Adams, an Infant, by Marcy E. Adams, His Guardian ad Litem, Respondent, v. George Bullock, as Receiver of the Buffalo And Lake Erie Traction Company, Appellant. original
    • 6.3: Judge or Jury: Who Should Decide? original
    • 6.3.1: Pokora v. Wabash RY. Co. original
    • 6.3.2: Billie Jean Andrews, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. United Airlines, Inc., a corporation; Does 1 through 50, inclusive, Defendant-Appellee. original
    • 6.3.3: Robin Akins, Respondent, v. Glens Falls City School District, Appellant. original
    • 6.4: The Restatement Approach to the Standard of Reasonable Care original
    • 6.4.1: The Restatement Approach to the Standard of Reasonable Care original
    • 7: VII. Negligence: Adjusting the Standard? original
    • 7.1: Challenges in Conveying the Standard original
    • 7.1.1: Vaughan v. Menlove original
    • 7.1.2: Sarah Wood, Linda Wood, and Warren Wood, Appellants/Cross-appellees, v. Derry Groh and Choon Groh, Appellees/Cross-appellants. original
    • 7.1.3: Ellis v. D'Angelo et al. original
    • 7.2: The Effect of Defendant's Infirmities and Limitations on the Standard original
    • 7.2.1: Dula McCarty, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Pheasant Run, Inc., Defendant-Appellee. original
    • 7.2.2: Mubarak Bashi et al., Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. Margie Marie Wodraz, Defendant and Respondent. original
    • 7.2.3: Charles L. Miller et al. v. Kathleen Theresa Reilly et al. original
    • 8: VIII. Res Ipsa Loquitur original
    • 8.1: "The Thing Speaks for Itself" - The Basic Rule of Res Ipsa Loquitur original
    • 8.1.1: Bryne v. Boadle original
    • 8.2: Questions About Control - The "Exclusive Control" Requirement original
    • 8.2.1: Beulah Larson, Appellant, v. t. Francis Hotel et al., Respondents. original
    • 8.2.2: Marcella A. Connolly, Appellant, v. Nicollet Hotel et al., Defendants, Nicollet Hotel and Alice Shmikler, as trustee of Joseph Shmikler et al., d.b.a. The Nicollet Hotel, Respondents. original
    • 8.3: The Problem of Multiple Defendants original
    • 8.3.1: Joseph Roman Ybarra, Appellant, v. Lawrence C. Spangard et al., Respondents. original
    • 8.3.2: Fireman's Fund American Insurance Companies, Appellant, v. Andrew J. Knobbe et al., Respondents. original
    • 9: IX. Negligence Per Se original
    • 9.1: The Basic Doctrine original
    • 9.1.1: Elizabeth Martin, as Administratrix of the Estate of William J. Martin, Deceased, Appellant, v. Samuel A. Herzog, Respondent, Impleaded with Another. original
    • 9.2: The Objective of the Statute original
    • 9.2.1: MAKIA L. Platz, Respondent, v. The City Of Cohoes, Appellant. original
    • 9.2.2: Clara E. Brown, Respondent, v. Francis T. Shyne, Appellant. original
    • 9.2.3: William Rushink, as Administrator of the Estate of Stephen E. Rushink, Deceased, Respondent, v. George F. Gerstheimer et al., Appellants. original
    • 9.2.4: Barbara Robinson, Appellant, v. District of Columbia, Appellee. original
    • 9.2.5: Tedla et al. v. Ellman et al. Bacheck v. Same. original
    • 10: X. Duty: Introduction; Action vs. Inaction original
    • 10.1: Action Versus Inaction original
    • 10.1.1: H. R . Moch Company, Inc., Appellant, v. Rensselaer Water Company, Respondent., original
    • 10.1.2: Julius Strauss, Appellant, v. Belle Realty Company, Defendant, and Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc., Respondent. original
    • 10.1.3: The Union Pacific Railway Company V. Adeline Cappier. original
    • 10.2: Special Relationships and Other Exceptions original
    • 10.2.1: Jeffrey J. Harper, Respondent, v. Theodor H. Herman, Petitioner, Appellant. original
    • 10.2.2: Richard M. Farwell, Jr., Administrator of the Estate of Richard Murray Farwell, Deceased, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Donald Keaton et al., Defendants-Appellees. original
    • 10.2.3: Randi W., a Minor, etc., Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Muroc Joint Unified School District et al., Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 11: XI. Duty to Control Others original
    • 11.1: Duty Arising from and Limited by Special Relationships original
    • 11.1.1: Vitaly Tarasoff et al., Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. The Regents of the University of California et al., Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 11.1.2: Christopher Broadbent, a minor, by his Conservator, Phillip E. Broadbent, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Laura J. Broadbent, Defendant-Appellee, Northbrook Indemnity Company, Real Party in Interest-Appellee. original
    • 11.1.3: James E. Hawkins and Ellen Hawkins f/n/a Ellen Shaw, his wife, Appellants, v. George R. Pizzaro, M.D., Appellee. original
    • 11.1.4: Lori Einhorn and Kenneth Einhorn, Plaintiffs-Respondents, v. David Seeley, Defendant-Respondent, REM Discount Security Products, Inc., Defendant-Appellant, 15 East 21st Street Co., Defendant-Respondent. original
    • 11.1.5: Piney Boyd, Appellee, v. Racine Currency Exchange, Inc., et al., Appellants. original
    • 11.2: Controlling the Intoxicated original
    • 11.2.1: Marie E. Kelly, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Donald C. Gwinnell and Paragon Corp., Defendants-Appellants, and Joseph J. Zak and Catherine Zak, Defendants-Respondents. original
    • 11.2.2: Robert Charles, Adm'r of the Estate of Lynn Sue Charles, Deceased, Appellee, v. Alan Seigfried, Appellant. Paula L. Bzdek, a Minor, By Her Father and Next Friend, Robert J. Bzdek, Appellee, v. Susan M. Townsley et al., Appellants. original
    • 12: XII. Duty: Governmental Liability original
    • 12.1: Linda Riss, Appellant, v. City of New York, Respondent. original
    • 12.2: Max Schuster, as Administrator of the Estate of Arnold L. Schuster, Deceased, Appellant, v. City of New York, Respondent. original
    • 12.3: Ann G. Weiner, Respondent, v. Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Defendant, and New York City Transit Authority, Appellant. Henrietta Shernov, Appellant, v. New York City Transit Authority, Respondent. original
    • 12.4: Adrian Bernardo Garcia, Jr., et al., Petitioners, v. The Superior Court of Santa Clara County, Respondent, The STATE of California, et al., Real Parties in Interest. original
    • 12.5: Carol Florence, as Mother and Natural Guardian of Darryle L. Davis, an Infant, et al., Respondents, v. Meyer Goldberg, Defendant, and Lilly Transportation Corp., et al., Appellants original
    • 13: XIII. Duty: Emotional and Economic Harm original
    • 13.1: Emotional Harm original
    • 13.1.1: Charles Falzone and Mabel Falzone, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Leonard R. Busch, Defendant-Respondent. original
    • 13.1.2: Renee Portee, Individually and as General Administratrix and Administratrix ad Prosequendum of the Estate of Guy Portee, Deceased, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Edith Jaffee, Nathan Jaffee, Watson Elevator Company and Atlantic Elevator Company, Defendants-Respondents. original
    • 13.1.3: Julia Pizzaro, Plaintiff, and Maricela Castro, Respondent, v. 421 Port Associates et al., Defendants, and Millar Elevator Industries, Inc., Appellant. original
    • 13.1.4: Gerald C. Gammon v. Osteopathic Hospital of Maine, Inc., et al. original
    • 13.2: Economic Harm original
    • 13.2.1: People Express Airlines, Inc., Plaintiff-Respondent, v. Consolidated Rail Corporation, A New Jersey Corporation; BASF Wyandotte Company, A New Jersey Corporation; and Union Tank Car Company, A Delaware Corporation, Defendants-Appellants. original
    • 13.2.2: Edward I. Koch, as Mayor of the City of New York, et al., Respondents- Appellants, v. Consolidated Edison Company Of New York, INC., Appellant-Respondent. original
    • 14: XIV. Causation original
    • 14.1: Theories of Causation original
    • 14.1.1: Dolores Howard, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Wal-mart Stores, Inc., Defendant-Appellant. original
    • 14.1.2: Thomas E. Stubbs, Appellant, v. City of Rochester, Respondent. original
    • 14.1.3: Jacob Anderson v. Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Maire Railway Company and Others. original
    • 14.1.4: Joey BROWN, as next friend and natural guardian of Mitchell W. Brown, Appellee, v. Wal-Mart Discount Cities, Appellant. original
    • 14.2: Joint and Several Liability original
    • 14.2.1: Charles A. Summers, Respondent, v. Harold W. Tice et al., Appellants. original
    • 14.2.2: Jose Domingo Garcia, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Joseph Vince Company, Junice T. Mori, and American Fencers Supply Co., Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 14.3: Josephine Ravo, an Infant, by Her Father and Natural Guardian, Antonio Ravo, Respondent, v. Sol Rogatnick, Respondent, and Irwin L. Harris, Appellant. original
    • 15: XV. Proximate Cause original
    • 15.1: In re an Arbitration Between Polemis and Another and Furness, Withy & Co., Ltd. original
    • 15.2: Arthur Wagner, Appellant, v. International Railway Company, Respondent. original
    • 15.3: Helen Palsgraf, Respondent, v. Long Island Railroad Company, Appellant. original
    • 15.4: Carol A. Benn, As Executor of the Estate of Loras J. Benn, Deceased, Appellant, v. Leland R. Thomas, K-G, Ltd., and Heartland Express, Inc., of Iowa, Appellees. original
    • 15.5: Cynthia Steinhauser, an infant, by Carl P. Steinhauser, her guardian ad litem, and Carl P. Steinhauser, individually, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. The Hertz Corporation, a corporation of the State of Delaware authorized to do business in New York, and Louis J. Ponzini, Defendants-Appellees. original
    • 15.6: Gibson v. Garcia et al. original
    • 15.7: Diane Darby (Widow and Administratrix of the Estate of Kevin Alan Darby, deceased) Claimant v. The National Trust, Respondent original
    • 15.8: Overseas Tankship (U.K.) Limited Appellants v. Morts Dock & Engineering Company Limited - Respondents original
    • 16: XVI. Vicarious Liability original
    • 16.1: Fundamentals of Vicarious Liability original
    • 16.1.1: Patricia A. Miller and Harry M. Miller, Appellants (Plaintiffs below), v. Reiman-Wuerth Company, a Wyoming Corporation, Appellee (Defendant below), James W. Grandpre, Wyoming Beverage, Inc., Oliver Olsen, d/b/a Frontier Distributing Co., the State of Wyoming, State Highway Commission of Wyoming, and City of Cheyenne(Defendants below). original
    • 16.1.2: Jeff Christensen and Kyle James Fausett, Plaintiffs and Petitioners, v. Gloria Swenson and Burns International Security Services, Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 16.2: Possible Exceptions to Vicarious Liability original
    • 16.2.1: Barbara Bussard, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Minimed, Inc., Defendant and Respondent. original
    • 16.2.2: Elzear J. Kuehn and Esther Kuehn, his wife, Appellants, v. Richard K. White and Jane Doe White, his wife, Defendants, and Inter-City Auto Freight, Inc., a Washington Corporation, Respondent. original
    • 16.2.3: The Sage Club, Appellant (Defendant), v. David Leland Hunt, Appellee (Plaintiff). original
    • 16.2.4: Klaus Roessler, Appellant, v. Russell W. Novak, M.D.; Sarasota Surgical Specialists, P.A., a Florida corporation; Richard J. Lichtenstein, M.D.; SMH Radiology Associates, P.A., a Florida corporation; and Sarasota County Public Hospital d/b/a Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Appellees. original
    • 17: XVII. Strict Liability original
    • 17.1: Guille v Swan original
    • 17.2: Mary Sullivan, as Administratrix of Annie E. Harten, Deceased, Respondent, v. Carroll Dunham, Theodore II. Dinkel and Philip Jewell, Appellants. original
    • 17.3: Maxine Hammontree et al., Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. Thomas H. Jenner, Defendant and Respondent. original
    • 17.4: Douglas Crosby, Respondent, v. Cox Aircraft Company Of Washington, a Washington Corporation; Ray Cox & Jane Doe Cox, husband and wife; and Hal Joines & Jane Doe Joines, husband and wife, Appellants. original
    • 17.5: John Torchia; Edna Torchia; Karen Woolley, Individually and as Guardian ad Litem for Ryan Woolley, Plaintiffs-Respondents, v. William F. Fisher, Administrator of the Estate of William R. Fisher, Defendant, and Garden State Aviation, Inc., a corporation, Defendant-Appellant, and Wall Herald Corporation, a corporation, Defendant-Respondent. original
    • 17.6: Arnold J. Franken, Appellant, v. City of Sioux Center, Iowa, Appellee. original
    • 18: XVIII. Defenses: Contributory and Comparative Fault original
    • 18.1: Davies v. Mann original
    • 18.2: Lawrence Derheim, Respondent, v. N. Fiorito Co., Inc., a Washington Corporation, Appellant. original
    • 18.3: Beth Ann Fritts, surviving spouse of David Fritts, deceased, Appellant, v. Richard McKinne, M.D., Appellee. original
    • 18.4: Christi Veazey v. Elmwood Plantation Associates, Ltd. and Southmark Management Corporation. original
    • 18.5: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, Appellant, v. Eleanor T. Johnson, et al., Appellees. original
    • 19: XIX. Defenses: Assumption of Risk original
    • 19.1: Kendra Knight, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Michael Jewett, Defendant and Respondent. original
    • 19.2: James Murphy, an Infant, by John Murphy, His Guardian ad Litem, Respondent, v. Steeplechase Amusement Co., Inc., Appellant. original
    • 19.3: Warren Cohen, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Suzanne McIntyre et al., Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 19.4: John Lowe, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. California League of Professional Baseball, et al., Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 19.5: Elmer E. Shorter, as personal representative of the Estate of Doreen V. Shorter, deceased, Appellant, v. Robert E. Drury, M.D. and Jane Doe Drury, his wife, Respondents. original
    • 20: XX. Products Liability: Manufacturing Defects original
    • 20.1: Introduction to Products Liability original
    • 20.1.1: Donald C. MacPherson, Respondent, v. Buick Motor Company, Appellant. original
    • 20.1.2: Patrick Ryan, Respondent, v. Progressive Grocery Stores, Inc., Appellant. original
    • 20.1.3: Gladys Escola, Respondent, v. Coca Cola Bottling Company Of Fresno (a Corporation), Appellant. original
    • 20.2: Manufacturing Defects original
    • 20.2.1: Eleanor Keen, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Dominick's Finer Foods, Inc., Defendant-Appellee. original
    • 20.3: Manufacturing Defects Versus Design Defects original
    • 20.3.1: Michael Rix, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. General Motors Corporation, Defendant and Respondent. original
    • 20.4: Manufacturing Defects Versus Failures to Warn original
    • 20.4.1: Chad Emery and Laura Emery, for herself and as next friend to Chad Emery, Plaintiffs and Appellants, v. Federated Foods, Inc., West Coast Grocery Company and its successor-in-interest Super Valu Stores, Inc., Mark Sorenson, M.D., and Kidd & Company, Inc., Defendants and Respondents. original
    • 20.5: The Restatement Approach to Products Liability original
    • 20.5.1: Restatement Approach to Products Liability original
    • 21: XXI. Products Liability: Design Defect and Warning original
    • 21.1: Design Defect and Warning original
    • 21.1.1: Terri F. Soule, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. General Motors Corporation, Defendant and Appellant. original
    • 21.1.2: Jaime Camacho and Kathleen Camacho, Petitioners, v. Honda Motor Co., Ltd., a corporation; and American Honda Motor Co., Inc., a California corporation, Respondents. original
    • 21.1.3: Sandra Lynn Linegar, individually and as next friend for Jennifer Nicole Linegar and James Michael Linegar, Appellee, v. Armour Of America, Inc., Appellant. original
    • 21.1.4: Wilson M. Hood, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Ryobi America Corporation; Ryobi North America, Incorporated, Defendants-Appellees, and Lowe's Home Centers, Incorporated; Ryobi Electric Tool Manufacturing, Incorporated; Ryobi Motor Products Corporation, Defendants. original
    • 21.1.5: Arnaldo MEDINA and Luz Lopez, his wife, Plaintiffs, v. LOUISVILLE LADDER, INC., and Home Depot U.S.A., Inc., Defendants. original
    • 21.2: Affirmative Defenses to Products Liability original
    • 21.2.1: Restatement Approach to Affirmative Defenses original
    • 22: XXII. Damages original
    • 22.1: Massachusetts General Laws - Part III, Title II - Chapter 228, Section 1: Enumeration [of tort actions which may survive] original
    • 22.2: Massachusetts General Laws - Part III, Title II - Chapter 229, Section 2: Wrongful death; damages original
    • 22.3: A Restatement Approach to Damages original
    • 22.3.1: Restatement of the Law, Second, Torts original
    • 22.3.2: Restatement of the Law, Second, Torts ยง 926 original
    • 22.4: Emma McDougald et al., Respondents, v. Sara Garber et al., Appellants. original
    • 22.5: Yetta Seffert, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. Los Angeles Transit Lines (a Corporation) and Walter B. Harrell, Defendants and Appellants. original
    • 22.6: Greyhound Lines, Inc. v. Gerald Sutton, Administrator of the Estate of Nicholas May, Deceased; Gerald Sutton, Administrator of the Estate of Sumone May, Deceased; Donnie Caughman, Administrator of the Estate of Marcus May, Deceased; Estate of Cheryl May; Nancy Bonanno; Paul Cotter; and Robert Riley. original
    • 23: XXIII. Conclusion original
    • 23.1: United States of America, Plaintiff, v. Weldon Angelos, Defendant original
    • 23.2: ANDRES MAGANA ORTIZ, Petitioner-Appellant, v. JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General; et al., Respondents-Appellees. original