Main Content

Content from the following sources has been used in the creation of this casebook:

    • 1: Acknowledgments original
    • 3: I. Assault and Battery I original
    • 3.1: Righting (or Punishing) the Wrong original
    • 3.2: The Boundaries of Battery and Assault original
    • 3.3: The Restatement Approach to Assault and Battery original
    • 4: II. Assault and Battery: Intent and Autonomy original
    • 4.1: Latent Sensitivities and Reservations original
    • 4.1.2: Supplemental Materials for Wishnatsky v. Huey original
    • 4.1.2.1: II. Crary's Affidavit original
    • 4.1.2.2: II. Wishnatsky's (Plaintiff's) Amended Complaint original
    • 4.1.2.3: II. Wishnatsky's (Plaintiff's) Affidavits original
    • 4.1.2.4: II. Letters Between Litigants original
    • 4.2: The Spectrum Between Subjective and Objective original
    • 4.3: Beyond Physical Contact Or The Threat Thereof: Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress original
    • 5: III. False Imprisonment: Taking Care of Others original
    • 5.1: The Clashing of Wills original
    • 5.2: Defining "Confinement" original
    • 5.3: "Good" Imprisonments - Exceptions to False Imprisonment Liability original
    • 6: IV. Defenses: Overriding the Choices of Others original
    • 6.1: Consent original
    • 6.2: Preservation of Bodily Integrity original
    • 6.3: Preservation of Property original
    • 6.4: Beyond the Common Law - Statutory Exceptions and Constitutional Protections original
    • 7: V. Trespass to Chattels: The Limits of Self-Help original
    • 7.4: Intel Corp. v. Hamidi (Court of Appeal) : "The Critical Emails Case" original
    • 8: VI. Negligence: The Standard of Reasonable Care original
    • 8.1: The Murky Line Between Intentional Torts and Negligence original
    • 8.2: Understanding the Standard original
    • 8.3: Judge or Jury: Who Should Decide? original
    • 8.4: The Restatement Approach to the Standard of Reasonable Care original
    • 9: VII. Negligence: Adjusting the Standard? original
    • 9.1: Challenges in Conveying the Standard original
    • 9.1.1: Vaughan v. Menlove : "The Unreasonable Hay Stacker" original
    • 9.2: The Effect of Defendant's Infirmities and Limitations on the Standard original
    • 10: VIII. Res Ipsa Loquitur original
    • 10.1: "The Thing Speaks for Itself" - The Basic Rule of Res Ipsa Loquitur original
    • 10.1.1: Byrne v. Boadle : "The Falling Flour Barrel" original
    • 10.2: Questions About Control: The "Exclusive Control" Requirement original
    • 10.3: The Problem of Multiple Defendants original
    • 11: IX. Negligence Per Se original
    • 11.1: The Basic Doctrine original
    • 11.2: The Objective of the Statute original
    • 11.2.3: Rushink v. Gerstheimer : "The Key in the Ignition Case" original
    • 12: X. Duty: Introduction; Action vs. Inaction original
    • 12.1: Action Versus Inaction original
    • 12.2: Special Relationships and Other Exceptions original
    • 13: XI. Duty to Control Others original
    • 13.1: Duty Arising from and Limited by Special Relationships original
    • 13.2: Controlling the Intoxicated original
    • 14: XII. Duty: Governmental Liability original
    • 15: XIII. Duty: Emotional and Economic Harm original
    • 15.1: Emotional Harm original
    • 15.2: Economic Harm original
    • 16: XIV. Causation original
    • 16.1: Theories of Causation original
    • 16.2: Joint and Several Liability original
    • 17: XV. Proximate Cause original
    • 17.1: In re Polemis : "The Plank that Exploded a Ship" original
    • 17.7: Darby v. National Trust : "The Rat Urine Case" original
    • 18: XVI. Vicarious Liability original
    • 18.1: Fundamentals of Vicarious Liability original
    • 18.2: Possible Exceptions to Vicarious Liability original
    • 19: XVII. Strict Liability original
    • 20: XVIII. Defenses: Contributory and Comparative Fault original
    • 20.1: Davies v. Mann : "The Last Clear Chance and the Donkey" original
    • 21: XIX. Defenses: Assumption of Risk original
    • 21.1: Knight v. Jewett : "The Not-So-Friendly Touch Football Game" original
    • 22: XX. Products Liability: Manufacturing Defects original
    • 22.1: Introduction to Products Liability original
    • 22.2: Manufacturing Defects original
    • 22.3: Manufacturing Defects Versus Design Defects original
    • 22.4: Manufacturing Defects Versus Failures to Warn original
    • 22.5: The Restatement Approach to Products Liability original
    • 23: XXI. Products Liability: Design Defect and Warning original
    • 23.1: Design Defect and Warning original
    • 23.2: Affirmative Defenses to Products Liability original
    • 24: XXII. Damages original
    • 24.1: Massachusetts General Laws - Chapter 228, Section 1 original
    • 24.2: Massachusetts General Laws - Part III, Title II - Chapter 229, Section 2: Wrongful death; damages original
    • 24.3: A Restatement Approach to Damages original
    • 24.4: Calculating Damages original