Main Content

Content from the following sources has been used in the creation of this casebook:

    • 1: I. Introduction original
    • 1.1: Durham v. State original
    • 2: II. Basic Principles original
    • 2.1: II.A. Legality and Due Process original
    • 2.1.4: George L. Kelling & James Q. Wilson - "Broken Windows" (1982) original
    • 2.2: II.B. Actus Reus original
    • 2.2.1: Martin v. State original
    • 2.2.3: II.B.i Acts v. Omissions original
    • 2.2.3.2: People v. Beardsley original
    • 2.2.3.3: Vermont Duty to Aid the Endangered Act original
    • 2.3: II.C. Mens Rea original
    • 2.3.1: Model Penal Code section 2.02 original
    • 2.3.2: Regina v. Cunningham original
    • 2.3.3: Elonis v. United States original
    • 2.3.4: US v. Valle original
    • 2.3.5: II.C.i Strict Liability original
    • 2.3.5.3: State v. Pomianek original
    • 3: III. Homicide original
    • 3.1: III.A. Statutes original
    • 3.1.1: Model Penal Code Article 210 original
    • 3.2: III.B. Intentional Homicide original
    • 3.2.1: III.B.i. First v. Second Degree Murder original
    • 3.2.1.1: Commonwealth v. Carroll original
    • 3.2.2: III.B.ii Murder v. Voluntary Manslaughter original
    • 3.2.2.3: People v. Casassa original
    • 3.3: III.C. Unintentional Homicide original
    • 3.3.1: III.C.i. Involuntary Manslaughter and Similar Offences original
    • 3.3.1.2: Noakes v. Commonwealth original
    • 3.3.1.3: State v. Williams original
    • 3.3.2: III.C.ii. Unintentional Murder original
    • 3.3.3: III.C.iii. Felony Murder original
    • 3.4: III.D. The Death Penalty original
    • 3.4.1: Gregg v. Georgia original
    • 3.4.2: McCleskey v. Kemp original
    • 4: IV. Defenses original
    • 4.1: IV.A. Justification original
    • 4.1.1: IV.A.i. Self-Defense original
    • 4.1.1.1: Model Penal Code section 3.04 original
    • 4.1.1.3: Calvin Trillin, "The Color of Blood," The New Yorker, March 3, 2008 original
    • 4.1.1.4: Model Penal Code Section 3.09 original
    • 4.1.1.9: Florida Statute on Justifiable Use of Force original
    • 4.1.1.10: (optional) Jeannie Suk, At Home in the Law, Chapter 3 - Scenes of Self-Defense original
    • 4.1.2: IV.A.ii. Necessity original
    • 4.1.2.2: Regina v. Dudley and Stephens original
    • 4.1.2.4: Model Penal Code sec. 3.02 original
    • 4.1.2.5: PCAT v. State of Israel original
    • 4.1.2.6: Bybee Memo original
    • 4.2: IV.B. Excuse original
    • 4.2.1: IV.B.i. Duress original
    • 4.2.1.1: Model Penal Code sec. 2.09 original
    • 4.2.2: IV.B.ii. Insanity & Diminished Capacity original
    • 4.2.2.1: M'Naughten's Case original
    • 4.2.2.2: Model Penal Code sec. 4.01 original
    • 4.2.2.3: 18 U.S.C.A. § 17. Federal Insanity defense original
    • 4.2.3: IV.B.iii. Environmental Deprivation and Psychological Injury original
    • 4.2.3.1: Richard Delgado - 'Rotten Social Background': Should the Criminal Law Recognize a Defense of Severe Environmental Deprivation? (excerpted) original
    • 4.2.3.2: Clarence Thomas, "Crime and Punishment—and Personal Responsibility," The National Times, August/September 1994, pp. 31-33. original
    • 4.2.3.3: Jeannie Suk - "Laws of Trauma" (optional) original
    • 4.2.3.4: Suniya S. Luthar and Barry Schwartz, "Sometimes poor little rich kids really are poor little rich kids" original
    • 4.2.3.5: People v Kobayashi original
    • 5: V. Oral Argument Interlude original
    • 6: VI. Sex Offenses original
    • 6.1: VI.A. Introduction original
    • 6.1.1: Susan Estrich, Teaching Rape Law, 102 Yale L.J. 509 (1992) original
    • 6.1.2: Jeannie Suk, "The Trouble with Teaching Rape Law," New Yorker (2014) original
    • 6.1.3: Catharine MacKinnon, Rape: On Coercion and Consent original
    • 6.1.4: Kimberle Crenshaw - "Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color" original
    • 6.1.5: Deborah Copaken Kogan, "Entering the Mind of My Rapist" original
    • 6.1.6: Byron Hurt, Rape, A Loaded Issue for Black Men original
    • 6.2: VI.B. Race History original
    • 6.2.3: Dorsey v. State original
    • 6.3: VI.C. Force original
    • 6.3.1: State v. Rusk original
    • 6.3.2: Jeannie Suk, "The Look in His Eyes": The Story of Rusk and Rape Reform original
    • 6.3.3: Janet Halley, Rusk Ideal Types original
    • 6.4: VI.D. Consent original
    • 6.4.2: Commonwealth v. Appleby original
    • 6.4.3: Commonwealth v. Carey original
    • 6.4.4: Commonwealth v. Lopez original
    • 6.4.6: People v. Denbo original
    • 6.4.7: Halley, The Move to Affirmative Consent (2015) original
    • 6.5: VI.E. Deception original
    • 6.5.2: State v. Bolsinger original
    • 6.5.3: McNally v. The Queen original
    • 6.6: VI.F. Proof original
    • 6.6.1: Federal Rule of Evidence 412 (Enacted 1978; Amended 1994) original
    • 6.6.2: Government of the Virgin Islands v. Scuito original
    • 6.6.3: Olden v. Kentucky original
    • 6.6.4: People v. Jovanovic original
    • 6.6.5: People v. Yates original
    • 6.6.6: Minter v. Com original
    • 6.6.7: State v. Rorie original
    • 7: VII. Discretion original
    • 7.1: VII.A. Prosecutorial Discretion original
    • 7.1.1: Inmates of Attica Correctional Facility v. Rockefeller original
    • 7.1.2: Cyrus Vance and Dominique Strauss-Kahn: Dilemmas in a High-Profile Prosecution (Case Study Part I) original
    • 7.1.3: Cyrus Vance and Dominique Strauss-Kahn: Dilemmas in a High-Profile Prosecution (Case Study Part II) original
    • 7.1.4: Cyrus Vance and Dominique Strauss-Kahn: Dilemmas in a High-Profile Prosecution (Case Study Part III) original
    • 7.2: VII.B. Plea Bargaining original
    • 7.2.1: People v. Adams original
    • 7.4: VII.D. Sentencing original
    • 7.4.2: U.S. v. Gementera original
    • 9: IX. Group Criminality original
    • 9.1: IX.A. Accomplice Liability original
    • 9.1.1: State v. Maxey original
    • 9.1.4: Model Penal Code sec. 2.06 original
    • 9.1.6: Wilcox v. Jeffery original
    • 9.1.7: State v. Tally original
    • 9.2: IX.B. Conspiracy original
    • 9.2.1: Model Penal Code sec. 5.03 original
    • 9.2.7: US v. Farhane original
    • 1.2: Robert M. Cover, "Violence and the Word" (1986) original
    • 1.7: Michelle Alexander — The New Jim Crow (2010), pp. 182-85 original