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Casebook Credits

Content from the following sources has been used in the creation of this casebook:

  • Contracts:

    Authors: with additional contributions by:
    • 1: A note on contracts and happiness. original
    • 1.1: Contracts and Happiness original
    • 1.2: Louis and Ella [After reading listen to "Check to Cheek" as performed by Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald. Tune in to YouTube.] original
    • 1.3: Bella and Andrea original
    • 1.4: Mary and Samuel Duke original
    • 1.5: Rick James [After reading listen to "Don't You Worry Bout a Thing" as performed by Stevie Wonder.] original
    • 2: Public Policy and Contractual Wrongs: Prohibition, Non-enforcement, and Required Contracting original
    • 2.1: The illegal contract: His Excellency Abdulaziiz Bin Ibrhaim Al-Ibrahim v. Edde, 897 F. Supp. 620 (1995) original
    • 2.2: The non-competition clause. Valley Medical Specialists v. Farber, 982 P. 2d 1277 (1999) [After reading listen to “The Thrill is Gone” as performed by B.B. King.] original
    • 2.3: John Smith and Jamie Lannister original
    • 2.4: Freedom from invidious discrimination versus freedom from contract: Cook v. Advertiser Co., 458 F. 2d 1119 (1972) original
    • 2.5: Breach of Promise to Marry original
    • 2.5.1: Bradley v. Somers, 332 S.E. 2d 665 (1984) (South Carolina Supreme Court) [After reading listen to “I’m Losing You” as performed by The Temptations] original
    • 2.5.2: Gilbert v. Barkes, 987 S.W. 2d 772 (1999). [After reading listen to “I Will Survive” as performed by Gloria Gaynor.] original
    • 2.6: The Problem of Surrogacy original
    • 2.6.1: The Problem of Surrogacy: Matter of Baby M, 537 A. 2d 1227 (1988). original
    • 3: Contract Formation original
    • 3.1: Tompkins v. Jackson, 880 N.Y.S. 2d 876 (2009). [After reading listen to “Will You Love Me Tomorrow” as performed by The Shirelles] original
    • 3.2: Lucy v. Zehmer, 84 N.E. 2d 516 (1954) (Supreme Court of Virginia) original
    • 3.3: Kolodziej v. Mason, 774 F. 3d 736 (2014) original
    • 3.4: Normile v. Miller, 362 S.E. 11 (1985) original
    • 3.5: Walker v. Keith, 382 S.W. 2d 198 (1964) original
    • 3.6: The Problem of the Standardized Contract: Boilerplate “Agreement”: Carnival Cruise Lines v. Shute, 499 U.S. 585 (1991) original
    • 3.7: The problem of online “click to submit” contracting: Specht v. Netscape Communications Corp., 306 F. 3d 17 (2002) original
    • 3.8: Battle of the Forms: Brown Machine v. Hercules, 770 S. W. 2d 416 (1989) original
    • 4: Grounds for Enforcing Promises original
    • 4.1: Consideration original
    • 4.1.1: Hamer v. Sidway, 124 N.Y. 538 (1891) original
    • 4.1.2: Dougherty v. Salt, 227 N.Y. 200 (1919) original
    • 4.1.3: Plowman v. Indian Refining Co, 20 F. Supp. 1 (1937). original
    • 4.1.4: Batsakis v. Demotsis, 226 S.W. 2d 673 (1949 original
    • 4.1.5: Dohrmann v. Swaney, 14 N.E. 3d 605 original
    • 4.1.6: Alaska Packer’s Association v. Domenico, 117 F. 99 (1902) original
    • 4.2: Reliance as a Basis for Enforcing Promises: (Promissory Estoppel) original
    • 4.2.1: Kirksey v. Kirksey, 8 Ala 131 (1845) original
    • 4.2.2: Katz v. Danny Dare, 610 S. W. 2d 121 (1980) original
    • 4.2.3: Allegheny College v. National Chautauqua County Bank of Jamestown, 246 N.Y. 369 (1927) original
    • 4.2.4: Congregation Kadimah Toras-Moshe v. DeLeo, 540 N.E. 2d 691 (1989) original
    • 4.2.5: D’Ulisse-Cuo v. Board of Directors of Notre Dame High School, 202 Conn. 206 (1987) original
    • 4.2.6: Pop’s Cones, Inc. v. Resorts International Hotel, Inc, 704 A. 2d 1321 (1998) original
    • 4.2.7: Berryman v. Kmoch, 559 P. 2d 790 (1977) original
    • 4.2.8: James Baird Co. v. Gimbel Bros, 64 F. 2d 344 (1933) original
    • 4.2.9: Drennan v. Star Paving Co, 51 Cal. 2d 409 (1958) original
    • 4.2.10: Ypsilanti v. General Motors, 1993 WL 132385 (1993) original
    • 4.2.11: Ypsilanti v General Motors, 201 Mich. App. 128 (1993) original
    • 4.3: Promises grounded in the receipt of past benefits original
    • 4.3.1: Mills v. Wyman, 3 Pick 207 (1825) original
    • 4.3.2: Webb v. McGowin, 168 So. 196 (1935). original
    • 4.4: Restitution original
    • 4.4.1: Credit Bureau Enterprises v. Pelo, 608 N.W. 2d 20 (2000) original
    • 4.4.2: Watts v. Watts, 405 N.W. 2d 303 (1987) [After reading listen to “Anyone Who Had a Heart” as performed by Dionne Warwick] original
    • 5: Remedies original
    • 5.1: Expectation Damages original
    • 5.1.1: Handicapped Children’s v. Lukaszewski, 332 N. W. 2d 774 (1983) original
    • 5.1.2: American Standard v. Schectman, 427 N.E. 2d 512 (1981) [After reading listen to “For the Love of Money” as performed by The Ojays.] original
    • 5.2: Specific Performance original
    • 5.2.1: Lumley v. Wagner, 42 Eng. Rep. 687 (1852). original
    • 5.2.2: City Stores v. Ammerman, 394 F. 2d 950 (1968) original
    • 5.3: The Forseeability Limitation original
    • 5.3.1: Hadley v. Baxendale, 29 Exch. 341 (1854). original
    • 5.3.2: Valentine v. Gen. Am. Credit Inc., 420 Mich. 256 (1984). original
    • 5.4: The Uncertainty Limitation original
    • 5.4.1: Freund v. Washington Square Press, Inc., 314 N.E. 2d 419 (1974) original
    • 5.5: Injuries for which recovery is often withheld original
    • 5.5.1: Erlich v. Menezes, 981 P. 2d 978 (1999) original
    • 5.6: Mitigation of Damages original
    • 5.6.1: Parker v. Twentieth Century Fox, 474 P. 2d 689 (1970)[After reading listen to “Get a Job” as performed by The Silhouettes.] original
    • 5.7: Alternatives to Recovering Expectation Damages original
    • 5.7.1: Reliance Damages original
    • 5.7.1.1: Wartzman v. Hightower, 456 A. 2d 82 (1983) (Court of Special Appeals of Maryland) original
    • 5.7.2: Restitutionary Recovery original
    • 5.7.2.1: United States v. Algernon Blair Incorporated original
    • 5.7.2.2: Britton v. Turner, 6 N.H. 481 (1834). original
    • 5.7.3: Agreed Damages/ Liquidated Damages original
    • 5.7.3.1: Rye v. Pub. Serv. Mut. Ins. Co., 34 N.Y. 2d 470 (1974). original
    • 5.7.3.2: Barrie School v. Patch, 933 A. 2d 382 (2006) original
    • 6: Statute of Frauds original
    • 6.1: Crabtree v. Elizabeth Arden Sales Corp., 305 N.Y. 48 (1953) original
    • 6.2: Alaska Democratic Party v. Rice, 934 P. 2d 1313 (1997) original
    • 7: Parol Evidence Rule original
    • 7.1: Thompson v. Libby, 34 Minn. 374 (1885) original
    • 8: Problems of Interpretation original
    • 8.1: Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, 222 N.Y. 88 (1917) [After reading listen to “Money (That’s What I Want) as performed by Barrett Strong] original
    • 8.2: Frigaliment Importing Co. Ltd. v. BNS International Sales Corp., 190 F. Supp. 116 (1960) original
    • 8.3: C & J Fertilizer, Inc. v. Allied Mutual Insurance Co., 227 N.W. 2d 169 (1975) original
    • 8.4: Morin Building Products Co. v. Baystone Construction, Inc., 717 F. 2d 413 (1983) original
    • 8.5: Locke v. Warner Bros., 66 Cal. Rptr. 2d 921 (1997) [After reading listen to “Hang ‘Em High” as performed by Booker T. and the MGs.] original
    • 8.6: Balla v. Gambro, Inc., 584 N.E. 2d 104 (1991) original
    • 9: Defenses Against Contractual Liability: The Problem of Contractual Over-Reaching original
    • 9.1: Duress original
    • 9.1.1: Zuckerman v. Metropolitan Museum of Art, 307 F. Supp. 3d 304 (2018) original
    • 9.1.2: Austin Instrument v. Loral Corp, 29 N.Y. 2d 124 (1971) original
    • 9.1.3: Biliouris v. Biliouris, 57 Mass. App. Ct. 149 (2006) original
    • 9.1.4: Brady v. United States, 397 US 742 (1970) [After reading listen to “Folsom Prison Blues” as performed by Johnny Cash. Listen and watch the “live” version on YouTube.] original
    • 9.2: Undue influence original
    • 9.2.1: Odorizzi v. Bloomfield School District, 246 Cal. App. 123 (1966) original
    • 9.3: Non-disclosure and Misrepresentation original
    • 9.3.1: Laidlaw v. Organ, 15 U.S. 178 (1817) original
    • 9.3.2: Mallen v. Mallen, 622 S.E. 2d 812 (2005) [After reading listen to "Breaking up is Hard to Do" as performed by Neil Sedaka - 1962 version.] original
    • 9.3.3: Patel v Navitlal, 627 A. 2d 683 (1992) [After reading listen to “Whatcha See is Whatcha Get” as performed by The Dramatics. Check out on youtube the Soul Train version.] original
    • 9.3.4: Stambovsky v. Ackley, 572 N.Y.S. 2d 672 (1991) [After reading listen to “Ghostbusters” as performed by Ray Parker, Jr.] original
    • 9.3.5: Vokes v. Arthur Murray, 212 So. 2d 906 (1968) [After reading listen to “Night Fever” as performed by The Bee Gees. Check out the version on YouTube.] original
    • 9.4: Unconscionability original
    • 9.4.1: Williams v. Walker-Thomas Furniture Company, 350 F. 2d 445 (1965) original
    • 10: Excuses for Nonperformance original
    • 10.1: Minority original
    • 10.1.1: Dodson v Shrader, 824 S.W. 2d 545 (1992) [After reading listen to “I'm Eighteen” as performed by Alice Cooper] original
    • 10.2: Mental Incapacity original
    • 10.2.1: Ortelere v. Teachers’ Retirement Board, 250 N.E. 2d 460 (1969) (New York Court of Appeals) original
    • 10.3: Mistake original
    • 10.3.1: Sherwood v. Walker, 66 Mich 568 (1887) [After reading listen to “Right Place, Wrong Time” as performed by Dr. John] original
    • 10.3.2: Lenawee County Board of Health v. Messerly, 417 Mich. 17 (1982) original
    • 10.3.3: Jordan v. Knafel, 880 N.E. 2d 1061 (2007) [After reading listen to "Who's Making Love" as performed by Johnny Taylor.] original
    • 10.4: Changed Circumstances : Impossibility/Impracticability / Frustration original
    • 10.4.1: Taylor v. Caldwell, 122 Eng. Rep. 310 (1863) original
    • 10.4.2: Opera Co. of Boston, Inc. v. Wolf Trap Foundation for the Performing Arts, 817 F. 2d 1094 (1987) [After reading listen to Dvorak, Symphony No. 9 "From the New World," Herbert von Karajan, conductor. Tune in to YouTube.] original
    • 10.4.3: Krell v. Henry, L.R. 2 K.B. 740 (1903) original
    • 10.4.4: Lloyd v. Murphy, 25 Cal. 2d 48 (1944) (California Supreme Court) original
    • 11: Issues Regarding the Performance of Terms in the Agreement original
    • 11.1: Express Conditions original
    • 11.1.1: J. N. A. Realty Corp. v. Cross Bay Chelsea, Inc., 366 N.E. 2d 1313 (1977) (New York Court of Appeals) original
    • 11.2: Substantial Performance original
    • 11.2.1: Jacob & Youngs, Inc. v. Kent, 230 N.Y. 239 (1921) [After reading listen to "School is Out" as performed by Gary U.S. Bonds.] original
    • 12: End Material original
    • 12.1: Randall Kennedy original